Myths and facts about the role of nutrition in oncological disease
He nutrition in oncological disease There are many myths, the existence of small adversely Which Affect the healing process. These myths exist not only among the patients themselves, but also in social consciousness, Which shows the survey by SMG / KRC commissioned by Nutricia Medical. We refute the most common.
1. MYTH: Weight loss and malnutrition is a natural state Accompanying disease
It is believed That badanych1 77%. As a result of the disease and the therapy can be problems with eating (anorexia, Dysphagia, ie, difficulty in swallowing, nausea), but this does not mean That weight loss is always Refers each patient. Knowing about the occurrence of side effects dry even more useful to ask your doctor or dietitian how to Prevent malnutrition of the body. Deep malnutrition and emaciation are often independent predictors of poor prognosis. You should also intensive nutritional therapy because the patient often develop undernourished bridge complex and can not tolerate the treatment. It is often not able this realize the full dose therapy and at intervals appropriate Return, small Which ultimately translate into poorer oncological treatment. Carried out early consultation with your doctor or nutritionist, dietary change and / or addition of medical nutrition can positively influence the degree of nutrition, thereby limiting its adverse effect on the therapy. The Therefore, According to the experts emphasize That medical nutrition therapy should be an integral part of cancer treatment.
2. MYTH AND TRUTH: The best and most nutritious meals are homemade.
In the course of cancer treatment for many cancer patients there comes a point where the traditional diet is not able to meet the Increased demand for energy, protein and other nutrients. Not without reason many experts emphasize That one of the integral elements of treatment should be medical nutrition therapy, or the inclusion of specialized nutritional formulations are (eg. Nutridrink type) that allow you this supplement nutritional deficiencies. These preparations are in liquid form, are suitably balanced, centered CONTAIN all the essential nutrients and a Suitable amount of energy in a small volume. As long as the patient can eat, it is possible to use them as a supplement to the normal diet and should then be taken between meals. But if Necessary Part Of These preparations can completely replace the normal diet or individual meals, eg. When the patient has problems with chewing or swallowing.
3. MYTH: You can starve cancer.
28% agree with the statement That during neoplastic disease should be reduced consumption of high-calorie products, vitamins and minerals, because they can accelerate the development of the disease. Fasting does not inhibit the development of cancer, and can significantly worsen the condition of the patient. Malnutrition patient leads to the fact That the body does not have "fuel" necessary for life and struggle with the disease. In order Obtain the energy that the body uses its own stocks not only fat but also muscle tissue. Consequently, this small lead is extreme weakness, severe anorexia, reduced pain threshold and also can lead this multiple organ failure. The consequence of "starving cancer" may be a delay in Subsequent stages of treatment or even Prevent treatment.
4. MYTH: Protein feeds cancer.
Every fifth respondent believes's That cancer patients should avoid high-protein products, because it can promote the development of cancer. On the contrary, in the case of cancer patients, the need for protein can significantly Increase! If the body does not Provide Sufficient and the amount of the protein component Necessary for the operation is Obtained from the decomposition of - at the beginning of muscles, and other organs. THUS, in the course of development of the cancer Occurs comparatively large proteins. Additional removing it from your diet without consulting a doctor, weakens the body and a small hamper the fight against the disease. You should also remember That the proteins, carbohydrates and fats along with vitamins, trace elements and water DETERMINE Functioning of the proper metabolism. Protein performs numerous functions - determines the regeneration of damaged tissues, wound healing, immune function support, production of enzymes and hormones. This component, Which is Involved in virtually every function of every cell.
5. MYTH: Medical Nutrition used only in a hospital. It is primarily a drip.
In a study and conducted awareness, medical nutrition therapy is often associated with feeding via a tube or "drip", while the forms of nutritional therapy is more. Medical nutrition therapy, after consultation with the doctor, it can also be used at home. Special formulations are available include nutritional Directly in liquid form to drink and can also be used as a supplement meals are being cooked. While the drip is nothing but usually we water with a small amount of sodium chloride, glucose, and other OPTIONALLY salts. This is not a meal replacement, and only the way for the correction of electrolyte abnormalities. It does not contain invigorating dry ingredients as protein, fat or carbohydrates. If the consumption of food by the oral route is not possible to feed and medical preparations are Administered by the samplers Directly into the gastrointestinal tract. A third option, used as a last resort in the event of failure of the gastrointestinal tract, and parenteral nutrition given Directly into the vein without the gastrointestinal tract (erroneously Referred it as "drips"). Experts emphasize That the intake of food through the gastrointestinal tract is the most natural and safe form of nutrition, and the use of intravenous nutrition is the next step in case the use of the gastrointestinal tract is impossible.
6. MYTH: There are diets can cure cancer.
The miraculous diets That treat cancer, says a lot. However, so far not proven the effectiveness of any of them, what is more, the risk of malnutrition during the use of dry diets is very high. Changing the proportion of dietary components small Appear in a variety of symptoms in a sick person, for example. Cause constipation, abdominal pain intensify, as well as significantly impair the absorption of various micronutrients. Increases when the danger of the authors These diets Encourage patients a complete abandonment of conventional treatment and therapy that reduce the use of Their diets. Such a procedure be small for the patient to miss out on the opportunity it cure cancer.
1. Research Carried out by the research institute SMG / KRC commissioned by Nutricia Medical 30.03-1.04.2016 he r.; representative sample due to age, sex, size of cities in the region and, n = 400; Methodology: Online survey: CAWI.
Part of the answer to the myths has been developed on the basis of a handbook for patients and caregivers, "Facts and myths of nutrition in cancer" by Dr. Aleksandra dripping, oncologist working at the Department of Head and Neck Cancer Center at the Cancer Institute in Warsaw and Chairman of the Hospital Nutritional Team.