What to eat and what to avoid during oncological disease? [INTERVIEW]
How to eat during oncological disease, what to eat and what to avoid and what is a specialized medical nutrition therapy and why it should be an integral part of the treatment? - This These and other questions in the framework of the educational campaign "Medical Nutrition - Your meals in the fight against disease," Eve Responds Ceborska-Scheiterbauer, dietitian specializing in nutrition of oncological patients.
- What could be the cause of weight loss in people with cancer?
During oncological diseases often Increases the rate of metabolism and the body's need for nutrients. Moreover, there are numerous side effects often hinder food intake, dry as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, unpleasant metallic taste in the mouth, or even anorexia. That it happens is additionally food intake is difficult due irritation of the oral mucosa and gastrointestinal tract or found difficulty in swallowing. In such a situation, the ensure an adequate level of nourishing the body is a real challenge.
- What can be done to spite the occurrence of adverse These events respectively to eat?
First of all, Remember That and properly Formulated Affect diet can greatly minimize the side effects of chemotherapy and improve treatment outcomes. Despite the prevalence of These conditions, it is extremely important to meet the body's daily need for nutrients. Compose a proper diet is always an individual matter, because each patient should consult Their doctor or a menu with a nutritionist.
- Is the patient's diet should not differ from Those of healthy diet?
If the patient does not feel the side effects of treatment, the diet should not differ significantly from optimal, balanced diet of healthy Individuals. Very often it is a necessity that Increase the amount of protein in the diet. It is important that diets fully Responsible for all the body's need for nutrients. However, there are Situations where the traditional diet is not enough. Then we introduce oral nutritional formulations are CONTAIN That a large amount of energy and nutrients supplementing the daily diet in proper proportions. As a result, they assist in Maintaining the proper level of nourishing the body sick person, Which Increases the chances of Improving the overall health of the body and prepare for the transition process of therapy.
Do not miss
Chemotherapy: ways of nausea and vomiting after chemotherapy
Cancer diet during and after chemotherapy
Healthy diet after chemotherapy - what to eat during cancer treatment
- Are there universal Principles of nutrition, Which should be guided by the sick person?
There is no universal diet that would be appropriate Return for each patient. The Therefore, all patients starting treatment process should seek professional nutritional consultation. There are a few rules to nutrition Which can be easier. First of all, we take care of regular intake of meals in small portions from 5 to 6 times a day. This will Prevent excessive strain the already weakened digestive system disease. Daily diet should include fresh fruits and vegetables (raw, cooked or baked depending on the patient's health status and the type of cancer). The most important role to play in the diet products with a high protein content, eg lean cottage cheese, yogurt, lean meat or fish of the sea. These products should not be missing in your daily diet. Energy sources should be sought in turn constantly bread, pasta, groats, and also a small amount of vegetable fats. It properly hydrate the body you should drink approx. 2 liters of water a day. The ideal is still water, light tea, coffee, cereal, or some small amount of freshly squeezed juices with no added sugar.
- What is medical nutrition therapy and it is Necessary Whether it introduce it to the patient's diet?
Medical nutrition therapy is the high-energy special preparations containing nutritional composition Suitable nutrients dry as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. The purpose of the oral nutritional supplement is a cover of the Increased demand of indispensable components when not enough traditional diet or in cases where the patient has difficulty with taking meals. Introduced early medical nutrition therapy Promotes healing and gives strength to fight the disease.
- How to apply specialized nutritional preparations?
Oral nutritional best used as a supplement to your daily diet. Body's need for small individual components vary depending on the patient. Typically, it is recommended to consume 2 bottles per day, but it sometimes be a small Increased to five or seven bottles per day depending on the formulation. The product is best eaten in the form of chilled, because then tastes best. Rapid adoption of the product, due to the high concentration of nutrients, can overload the digestive tract, it is advisable that consume it slowly, over approx. 30 minutes. Special dietary preparations can be used alone between meals, as a base or an addition foods it is Increase Their nutritional value.